The Chinese premier, who will be here for the ASEAN and East Asia summits, said Beijing will actively explore joint development of the South China sea to make it a "sea of cooperation and friendship" for the benefit of the two countries.
Widodo and First Lady Iriana were welcomed by Department of Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel "Manny" Piñol.
During Li's stay, the premier will hold talks with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, and the leaders will exchange views on regional and global issues of common concern.
Modi will arrive here on Monday to attend the 15th ASEAN-India summit and 12th East Asia summit on November 14. Sources tell India Today that the meeting comes at a time when India has warmed up to the idea of a quadrilateral meeting with US, Japan and Australia. Mr Trump hosted Mr Modi in the White House in June beginning their formal interaction since the former took charge in January.
Trump on Saturday praised India's "astounding" growth after it opened up its economy and also lauded Modi, saying he has been working successfully to bring the vast country and its people together.
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India-ASEAN summit targets to focus more on trade and investment related issues.
Speaking at a gathering of CEOs on the sidelines of the annual Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in the Vietnamese city of Danang, Trump cited India as one of the countries in the Indo-Pacific region making strides.
Leaders of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and China are poised to give a green light to start the negotiation for a binding Code of Conduct (COC) in the South China Sea when they meet in Manila on Tuesday. "This will be the first Research Centre by IRRI outside its headquarters in the Philippines", Modi said.
The ASEAN comprises Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
In a near similar statement on its website, the Japanese foreign ministry said "participants discussed the direction for cooperation including with countries in the region, in upholding the rules-based order and respect for worldwide law in the Indo-Pacific". PM Modi will also hold bilateral meetings with Filipino President Rodrigo Duterte, Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe and Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull among others.