They are elected by securing an absolute majority at the United Nations - in both the General Assembly (97 votes) and the Security Council (8 votes), separately. "This will surely add more strength to the functioning of the functioning of the ICJ".
After the previous 11 rounds of voting produced a stalemate, with the 193-member General Assembly solidly rallying behind Bhandari and the 15-member Security Council backing Greenwood, all eyes were on Monday's voting to see if the pattern would be broken and a clear outcome thrown up.
Sources here said that the lobbying began at the G-20 meeting in Hamburg in July, when Modi solicited support for Bhandari in all his interactions with foreign leaders.
"The UK has concluded that it is wrong to continue to take up the valuable time of the Security Council and the UN General Assembly with further rounds of elections", Rycroft said in a written statement. One diplomat said it became "morally difficult" for Britain to continue its fight - the optics of winning, especially as it readies for a Commonwealth Heads of Government (CHOGM) summit next year, simply proved untenable in the end.
Many attributed Britain's decision to remove itself from the race to the potential impact an intensified battle would have on the economic relationship between India and the UK.
Nearly unanimously, the United Kingdom media laments what this defeat at the UN means for the United Kingdom - a significant diplomatic setback and a symbol of Britain's reduced status on the world stage.
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The Manchester United striker has won the award on 10 consecutive occasions between 2007 and 2016 and also once more in 2005. But it could become a problem, the energy Zlatan creates, it will be all about him, and it's always been that way.
Greenwood and Bhandari were both hoping to win re-election, but this time Lebanon's former ambassador was an unexpected sixth candidate for the five slots.
While the final win at Britain's expense clearly positions India as a major player globally, it also poses several questions for those basking in this diplomatic victory.
Speaking to the media, Sharma said, "We are happy that India's candidate Justice Dalveer Bhandari has finally managed to get a second term to ICJ".
The Congress on Tuesday said that re-election of Dalveer Bhandari to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) should not be considered as a 'diplomatic victory of the Modi government'. This is, after all, the same United Nations that has most recently been extremely critical of India on the issue of providing asylum to Rohingya refugees.
India's Permanent Representative to the UN Syed Akbaruddin speaks during a reception in the honour of Justice Dalveer Bhandari (L) at the United Nations in NY on Monday.
The voting in the General Assembly which overwhelmingly favours India is reflective of the new global order, which is not pleasant to the world powers.