According to Musoba, self-testing has potential to raise awareness about HIV and significantly extend testing services to people who would otherwise not carry out a screening test at a health facility. With more than 160 000 people newly diagnosed with HIV across the Region, including more than 29 000 new cases from the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA), this trend continued in 2016.
The latest statistics issued from UNAIDS Egypt in 2014 indicate that the number of confirmed cases of HIV in Egypt stands at almost 8,800, though there are estimated to be at least as many as 11,000.
"Testing people late, particularly those at higher risk of infection, results in late treatment and further contributes to the ongoing spread of HIV".
The CDC report was based on HIV surveillance data from all 50 states and more than 20 large cities.
The lag time between when someone is infected with HIV and when they are diagnosed is getting shorter but many still go years without knowing their status, potentially infecting others, and more than half live in southern states like Georgia, according to a new study.
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He said the Public Prosecutor had also chose to release a number of individuals and to prosecute at least 5 individuals. Among those arrested was billionaire Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, one of the kingdom's most prominent businessmen.
The CDC recommends that all teenagers and adults be tested for HIV at least once during their lifetime, and people in high-risk groups should be tested at least annually.
"If you are at risk for HIV, don't guess - get a test", Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of the CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB Prevention, said in the CDC statement. Prompt diagnosis is prevention. Still, the state is disproportionately affected by HIV, Mermin said.
Andrea Ammon, director of the ECDC, also explains that "Europe needs to do more in its HIV response", especially since the average time from infection to diagnosis of HIV is three years, which is "far too long".
Early diagnosis is important because it allows people to start HIV treatment sooner, which in turn increases their chances of living a long and healthy life.
Though affecting less than one percent of the population, thus rendering Egypt a low-prevalence country, challenges remain surrounding health education and social stigma about HIV/AIDS.
The findings were published November 28 in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.