Himid, born in Zanzibar but now living in Preston, "arguably, has been overlooked and undervalued for most of her career", says The Guardian. The 2017 award announced by DJ, producer and artist Goldie blasts off tonight, Tuesday 5 December from 21:30 GMT.
Himid competed for the prize against three other artists, namely Rosalind Nashashibi, Andrea Büttner and Hurvin Anderson.
Nashashibi, 43, had two films on show in Hull.
This year the organisers of the the prize, the Tate, lifted the age restriction on the prize, which had previously been set at 50.
The jury commended the nominated artists for their socially engaged and visually imaginative work. The exhibition continues until 7 January 2018.
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The Turner Prize award is £40,000 with £25,000 going to the victor and £5,000 each for the other shortlisted artists.
The jury for the prize comprised Dan Fox, a co-editor of Frieze magazine; critic Martin Herbert; Mason Leaver-Yap, a moving-image scholar at the Walker Art Center and an associate curator at the KW Institute for Contemporary Art; and Emily Pethick, the director of the Showroom gallery.
"I still think that Lubaina winning is still very clearly not about the Turner Prize becoming a lifetime achievement award". Established in 1984 by the Patrons of New Art, it is awarded to a British artist for an outstanding exhibition or other presentation of their work in the twelve months preceding 24 April 2017. While best known as a filmmaker, she's also known as painter, her most popular piece being 2015's "Electrical Gaza". In 2017 Himid had solo shows at Modern Art Oxford and Spike Island in Bristol and participated in Nottingham Contemporary's The Place is Here survey of 1980s black artists.
Himid makes paintings, prints, drawings and installations which celebrate Black creativity and the people of the African diaspora while challenging institutional invisibility. Her paintings, prints, drawings, and installations are now in the collections of Tate, the Whitworth Art Gallery, and the Leeds City Museum, among other institutions. The jury noted Büttner's unique approach to collaboration and her exploration of religion, morality and ethics, articulated through a wide range of media including printmaking, sculpture, video and painting.