The internet search engine and technology giant Google marks Noble prize victor Indian American scientist Har Gobind Khorana's 96th birth anniversary with a sketch doodle. His passion for science started when he was a young boy. Khorana was an alumnus of University of Punjab, University of Liverpool and University of Cambridge. Khorana was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley in 1968. He was also associated with the lead research institutes. Nucleotides are the sub units of DNA or RNA, and consist of bases made of nitrogen. There are four types of nucleotides in DNA and RNA, and the order in which they are placed determines the structure of the double helix - the shape that makes up each of our DNA molecules. The Nobel Prize-winner is known for constructing the first synthetic gene. The amino acid sequences of these proteins then solved the rest of the puzzle to win the Nobel Prize for him.
After his enormous achievements and contribution to the science field, Khorana was elected as foreign member of Royal Society in 1978 and honoured with National Medal of Science.
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In the year 1952, Dr. Khorana went to Vancouver, British Columbia, where he worked with Dr. Gordon M. Shrum, Dr. Jack Campbell and Dr. Gordon M. Tener on the subject of phosphate esters and nucleic acids. He was also received the Padma Vibhushan by Indian Govt.
The pioneering Indian American biochemist died of natural causes in Concord, Massachusetts on November 9, 2011.