A three-judge panel rejected the map drawn by the state's Republican-controlled General Assembly, saying it violates the Equal Protection Clause, the First Amendment, and Article I of the Constitution.
A federal judicial panel has ruled that Pennsylvania can keep its congressional map, turning back an argument from a group of Democratic voters who contended that it should be thrown out because the state lawmakers who created the map in 2011 gerrymandered it to help Republicans.
North Carolina Republicans are expected to appeal to the Supreme Court to put the ruling on hold until the other two cases are decided - a delay that would allow the current map to remain in place through the 2018 midterm elections.
If they can not agree, as the failed to in the Covington case, the court will appoint its own expert.
These examples illustrate how gerrymandering isn't simply a question of shapes on a map, as North Carolina Republicans seem to imply, but of intent.
"A "gerrymander" is by definition and common understanding, a unusual looking "monster" drawing". "This map is clearly not that".
"It is important to note that this definition accompanied an "eye" test", Woodhouse said.
TOM BULLOCK, BYLINE: North Carolina's congressional candidates can officially file to run just one month from now. "A gerrymander is by definition and common understanding a strange-looking monster drawing", North Carolina GOP Chairman Robin Hayes said in a statement. The district was said to have resembled a salamander, and the term gerrymander came from putting the two words together. They've been willing to intervene and order the drawing of new districts in cases where it can be shown that the districts were drawn in order to diminish the influence of racial minorities, but not willing to intervene in cases where they drew the districts in order to gain a partisan advantage. And North Carolina's State Board of Election could not comment on the case.
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There's partisan gerrymandering, when mapmakers draw districts to favor one party.
The Supreme Court has never struck down districting maps on a partisan basis due to the lack of a formula to determine excess partisanship. The only thing that is clear is that the map is politically gerrymandered - and that is by design.
The issue of political gerrymandering reached the Supreme Court in the summer of 2017.
"That North Carolina's districts are not as ugly as in previous years is neither here nor there". Redistricting has historically been political and partisan to one degree or another.
The court's full decision can be read here.
Duchin noted that there are three high-profile cases where courts plan to explore methods for measuring partisan gerrymandering.
"They have basically set up, on a silver platter, everything that Kennedy could possibly use", Bitzer said. "Almost no matter how they redraw those lines, they going to take most likely some Republicans out of the 11th Congressional district, Mark Meadows district".
The judges said the state legislator responsible for the 2016 map had said he drew it to give Republican candidates an advantage. We rate his claim Mostly False.