Given the way Buttler approached his innings, Vaughan even went as far as saying that he is a better middle-order batsman that India's MS Dhoni. A weakened England attack defended 302 with aplomb despite a valiant effort from Australia who needed 22 runs off the final over but fell well short.
During the partnership, Woakes hit a half-century of 35 balls, while Buttler smashed his way to a brilliant century as England finished on 302-6 from their 50 overs.
The big difference between the sides, though, was that Buttler and Woakes stand. He then took a contentious catch to dismiss Steven Smith at a key point in the chase as England held on to go 3-0 up.
Meanwhile, Eoin Morgan believes England's performance in the third ODI has shown his side are peaking towards the 2019 World Cup.
The big hits came out as boundaries and sixes flowed like a river at the SCG.
After the game, Smith urged the authorities to outlaw "soft signals" by the on-field officials during such incidents and empower the TV umpire to make the call directly.
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Despite those all-round contributions, Morgan was under no illusions as to the identity of England's match-winner.
Needing a win to stay in the series, Australia recalled Hazlewood, Cummins, wicketkeeper Tim Paine and Zampa, at the expense, of Andrew Tye, Jhye Richardson, Travis Head and Alex Carey.
Earlier, on a sluggish surface in a notable contrast to the fast wickets previously in the series, a cunning Australian attack showcased its trickery to entice a slew of mistimed strokes from a subdued England batting order who struggled for much of the innings before their vaunted depth reared in the backend. On a sluggish wicket where the visiting batsmen found the going tough, Buttler and Woakes put on 113 in quick time to take England past 300.
Australia's run chase was ahead of the game at 4-181 with 16 overs remaining when Smith was given his marching orders following Buttler's disputed catch.
Australia reinstalled their spinner Adam Zampa, and the leggie justified his selection with a stunning wrong-un that bamboozled England opener Jonny Bairstow and cleaned up his stumps.
"I should have been up around a run a ball, it would have made things a bit easier at the back end", Smith said. But Moeen was unable to capitalise, chopping on to Marsh having made just 6.
That stroke at the start of the 45th set England on their way to a total of 76 runs from the last six - Buttler cracking 28 runs from his final 11 balls.