However, despite the early morning vote, the government still was not able to avoid a brief shutdown overnight. Paul was vocal ahead of the shutdown deadline regarding the suspension of the debt limit and the $300 billion increase to military and domestic spending caps.
The debate in the upper house of Congress over a bipartisan budget deal that will unlock funding for federal agencies is scheduled to restart at 12:01 a.m., according to a message on the Senate website.
On Beacon Hill, lawmakers and Baker administration officials who spent previous year trying to fend off federal spending cuts will now spend time sifting through the bill to learn exactly how the new investments will affect MA residents and state programs that rely on federal funds.
Paul said all he wanted was a vote on an amendment to restore the budget caps, set in 2011 to rein in deficit spending.
It also would increase the government's debt cap, preventing a first-ever default on US obligations that looms in just a few weeks. But many Democrats backed the spending measure without that assurance.
Democratic Senator Claire McCaskill said "it looked like he was clueless", while Republican Senator John Thune called the shutdown "a colossal waste of time".
The bill also included a one-time emergency influx of about $90 billion to help with ongoing recovery efforts for the hurricanes and wildfires that have hit the U.S.in recent months.
US Congress stumbles into government shutdown, budget deal stalled
The conservative House Freedom Caucus has already indicated it will not support the spending increases . Nor would it increase border security or provide funding for a southern border wall.
But Trump is expected to unveil on Monday a fiscal 2019 budget plan that will be based on rosy assumptions, including economic growth of 3.2 percent next year, a White House official said.
"I ran for office because I was very critical of President Obama's trillion-dollar deficits", the Kentucky senator said.
But the opposition of several legislators, and especially that of Republican Senator Rand Paul, caused the new budget to be approved only after midnight, which technically left the government without resources.
"Top Senate Democrat Chuck Schumer warned the delay put lawmakers "in risky territory", and several fellow Republicans confronted Paul in the chamber about his strategy " but he refused to yield to allow an early vote.
"We will effectively shut down the federal government for no good reason", said Sen. Combined with the lower tax revenues from those cuts, raising the debt ceiling and the increased spending, economists are concerned the federal deficit will break the $1 trillion barrier sometime during the next fiscal year.
Trump said in September that he would end by March 5 former Democratic President 's Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program that protects the Dreamers from deportation. Ultimately, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., agreed to hold votes on an unspecified immigration bill in return for Democrats' votes to reopen the government for three more weeks.
We're a month and a half, actually less than a month and a half into February of 2018, or into 2018 in general, excuse me, and the federal government shut down twice in one year?
The move still depends on the House, though, which first needs to vote to pass the budget deal negotiated in the Senate and fund the government. And anytime Republicans and Democrats agree on anything these days, some measure of praise is in order.