So who was this brilliant man who turned the world from black and white to colour overnight?
He entered the Royal College of Chemistry, now part of Imperial College London, at the surprisingly young age of 15 in 1853.
Wikipedia said "through failing in trying to synthesise quinine for the treatment of malaria, he became successful in the field of dyes after his first discovery at the age of 18".
However, during the Easter of 1856, when Perkin returned to his home in Cable Street in the East End, his own experiments in his laboratory created something very different. Investigating the substance further, Perkin incorporated potassium dichromate and alcohol into the aniline at different stages and chanced upon a deep purple solution.
Perkin was a painting and art enthusiast and was delighted with this finding.
Sir William Henry Perkin passed away in 1907 after suffering from pneumonia and is buried in Harrow.
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At the time of the Industrial Revolution in England, all dyes for colouring cloth were expensive and labour intensive to produce.
The color purple was a luxury shade at the time, only donned by the wealthiest and the most influential.
Over a century after his death, Google is remembering the entrepreneur and chemist who went on to set up a factory for industrially manufacture synthetic dyes.
Perkin gained fame, popularity and wealth with this discovery in the manfacturing dye.