Solar storm could hit Earth this week

Solar flare

NASA GSFC SDO

The magnetic storm was created last week by an explosion in the Sun's atmosphere known as a solar flare, which caused charged particles from the flare to make their way to Earth.

How does a solar storm start? According to the Russian Academy of Sciences, there is a massive geomagnetic storm set to hit Earth on March 18.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration issued a "G1" storm watch.

A temporary disturbance of the Earth's magnetosphere, a geomagnetic storm is the result of a solar wind shock wave and/or a cloud of magnetic field, causing an increase in plasma movement and electric current through the magnetosphere. As Newsweek further noted, his comments came shortly after most publications who wrote on Monday about the purported storm had apparently misinterpreted a chart from the Lebedev Institute in Russian Federation that suggested the likelihood of increased geomagnetic activity on March 18, but nothing hinting at a major storm. Geomagnetic storms are measured on a scale of G1 to G5, with G1 being the most minor and G5 being the most severe.

Solar storms often occur when the Sun belches out a flare and a coronal mass ejection (CME).

Usually, geomagnetic storms are cataloged in 5 different main levels depending on the magnitude, from G1 to G5 levels of geomagnetic storms' magnitudes. These cracks weaken our planet's natural protection against charged particles, potentially leaving aeroplanes and GPS systems exposed to the storm.

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Solar storms can also disrupt satellites and various forms of electronic communications.

"Railway networks could be affected in case of an extreme space weather event due to the direct impact on system components, such as track circuits or electronics, or indirectly via dependencies on power, communications, and progressively on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) for timing and positioning", ScienceAlert reported, quoting JRC.

The dancing lights of the aurora may become visible in parts of Scotland and northern England and in northern regions of the USA, including in MI and Maine.

A report from Tech Times that was published shortly after the series of "sensationalist" articles on the potential geomagnetic storm on March 18 detailed what some of these other reports claimed.

A solar flare on January 20, 2005, released the highest concentration of protons ever directly measured and took just 15 minutes to reach Earth, indicating a velocity of approximately one-third light speed.

On the other hand, a solar storm can create a magical display of the northern and southern lights.

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