He'll be subbing for President Donald Trump after the president pulled out of his first planned visit to Latin America to manage the US response to an apparent chemical weapons attack on civilians in Syria.
Close to a 100 delegates have, since April 8, given Cuba a voice and a face in Peru, where the 8th Summit of the Americas, and the Peoples' Summit are taking place, in addition to forums of youth, legislators, businesspeople, and civil society, prior to the high level hemispheric meeting.
Trump cancelled his trip to the summit on Tuesday, with the White House explaining that he had "to oversee the American response to Syria and to monitor developments around the world".
Pence, in Lima for the Summit of the Americas, was whisked away from the gathering and to his hotel shortly before President Donald Trump announced retaliatory strikes in Syria for apparent chemical weapons use.
It will be the first meeting between the two leaders.
He made the announcement on Friday during a meeting with Venezuelan opposition leaders. In Venezuela, President Maduro has been accused of rushing through a slew of contracts with Odebrecht, while in Colombia some lawmakers have been jailed because of an Odebrecht inquiry.
Opposition leader David Smolansky says Maduro's government "has become a threat to the region".
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Ana Quintana, a senior policy analyst on Latin America and the Western Hemisphere for the Heritage Foundation, said Pence would seek to "continue the momentum" of US policy on Venezuela.
The vice president is expected to urge Latin American leaders to maintain pressure on the government of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro.
The U.S. vice president says Maduro has turned Venezuela into a dictatorship.
Heritage Foundation senior policy analyst on Latin America and the Western Hemisphere Ana Quintana said Pence would seek to "continue the momentum" of United States policy on Venezuela. To this regard, Heather Nauert, the US Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs stated that the US will continue to boost the bilateral relation with Peru, based on the shared values of democracy, mutually beneficial trade, and the respect for human rights. These include Colombia, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Guyana, Suriname, Panama, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Guatemala, Trinidad and Tobago, Aruba, and Curacao.
Speaking on background, Canadian officials said they expect the meeting to focus on NAFTA and the benefits of free trade for all three North American nations.
Pence will also aim to counter China's attempt to exert more economic influence in the Americas at a time when the Trump administration has been embroiled in a trade dispute with the Chinese.