Even though the doomsday scenarios appear to have been averted, the past weeks rhetorical clash over Syria has deepened an East-West confrontation that continues to intensify.
The United States is consulting with Britain and France about a joint military response to the attack in Douma that medics and rescuers said left at least 40 people dead on Saturday.
"Russia convenes an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council to discuss aggressive actions of the United States and its allies", President Vladimir Putin said in a statement published on the Kremlin website.
Russia, which has military forces deployed in Syria in support of the government, warned that United States air strikes risked starting a war.
U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who briefed the council before the vote, stressed again "the need to avoid the situation from spiraling out of control" and for a political solution. She said of the alleged chemical attack that "Russia can complain all it wants about fake news, but no one is buying its lies and its cover-ups".
"We can not take such risks", he said at a forum.
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"Insulting the President of Russian Federation is unacceptable and inadmissible", he added.
Russia's foreign minister claimed on Friday that a suspected chemical attack in the Syrian town of Douma last weekend was staged with the help of an unspecified foreign intelligence agency.
Russian Federation and its ally Syria called the attack fabricated and said no evidence of chemical weapons use exists in Douma.
Syria's air defence system, which mostly consists of systems made in the Soviet Union, has intercepted 71 of the missiles fired on Saturday by the US, British and French forces, he added. It also said Russian officers found no patients with chemical attack symptoms at a local hospital, and no indication of any burials of victims.
A top leader of Jaish al-Islam, a group which controlled Douma for years, told AFP it was Saturday's attack that forced them to accept a Russian-brokered deal and evacuate. Smoke could be seen rising from the northern and eastern edges of the capital.