"The ordinance is expected to re-establish the rule of law with respect to the fugitive economic offenders as they would be forced to return to India to face trial for scheduled offences", the government document said. It comes into effect immediately, but needs parliament's approval within a few months to remain legal. Her body was discovered in a wooded area after she was drugged, held captive in a temple, raped for a week, and then beaten to death with a stone in January.
In Uttar Pradesh where the police hadn't filed a rape case against a BJP lawmaker accused of rape a year ago, the Allahabad High Court finally had to intervene and ordered legislator Kuldeep Singh Sengar's arrest.
Violent crime against women has been on the rise in India despite tough laws enacted in 2013. "Studies have shown that most perpetrators are known to child victims - introducing the death penalty in such circumstances will only silence and further endanger children".
The incident triggered weeks of street protests and global condemnation. But the sentences are rarely carried out and are often struck down on appeal by higher courts.
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On Tuesday, Indian Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi called rape and child sexual abuse in India a "national emergency", with 100,000 such cases pending in courts.
Jammu-Kashmir United Peace Movement appealed to people "to unitedly campaign for justice to Kathua minor, all other rape and murder victims and unitedly work for peace, harmony, human solidarity and to create public opinion for the building of solid system as a deterrent and an effective solution to such heinous crimes". Eight suspects are now on trial for various charges in the case, including three police officers. The victims were children in 40 percent of those cases.
Protests around the country were also prompted by the arrest of a lawmaker from the BJP last week in connection with the rape of a teenager in Uttar Pradesh, a populous northern state that is governed by the party.
Her father this month died in hospital of his wounds after being assaulted by the accused legislator's brother.