He has a thigh problem that will need at least three weeks to heal, a delay that prompted coach Didier Deschamps to omit the former West Ham player. "This is a muscular injury, with a risk of a relapse".
Payet finally missed out his chance of shining in Russian Federation, as Deschamps feared a risk of relapse of the injury despite a three-week recovery. He is the French league's top playmaker this season with 13 assists, and claimed three goals and seven assists in the Europa League, starring in the quarterfinals and semifinals.
France were placed in group C alongside Australia, Peru, and Denmark.
Most of the squad were expected to be selected.
Real Madrid striker Karim Benzema is left out completely as well as the injured Arsenal defender Lauren Koscielny.
"There is less experience but there still is ambition", said Deschamps, who surprisingly called up Sevilla midfielder Steven N'Zonzi and left out PSG's Adrien Rabiot.
Polish PM in Sofia for EU-Western Balkans summit
The declaration says, in part: "the EU reaffirms its unequivocal support for the European perspective of the Western Balkans". Tusk said that while there were low expectations regarding Iran, there were high expectations regarding Washington.
Reserves: Wissam Ben Yedder (Sevilla), Kingsley Coman (Bayern Munich) Benoit Costil (Bordeaux), Mathieu Debuchy (Saint-Etienne), Lucas Digne (Barcelona), Alexandre Lacazette (Arsenal), Anthony Martial (Manchester United), Adrien Rabiot (PSG), Mamadou Sakho (Crystal Palace), Moussa Sissoko (Tottenham), Kurt Zouma (Stoke City - on loan from Chelsea).
Deschamps will rely on a strike force of Antoine Griezmann, who scored twice in the Europa League final, Chelsea's Olivier Giroud and Paris St Germain forward Kylian Mbappe.
In midfield, N'Golo Kante, Corentin Tolisso, Blaise Matuidi and Steven N'Zonzi will vie for a place in the side alongside Pogba.
Goalkeepers: Hugo Lloris (Tottenham), Steve Mandanda (Marseille), Alphonse Areola (Paris Saint-Germain).
Manchester United's Paul Pogba has been named as one of the midfielders, as has N'Golo Kante of Chelsea.