USA ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley listens during a Security Council meeting concerning the situation in the Middle East involving Israel and Palestine, at United Nations headquarters, December 18, 2017 in New York City.
For the Palestinians, the resolution's key provision is a request to U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to make proposals within 60 days "on ways and means for ensuring the safety, protection and well-being of the Palestinian civilian population under Israeli occupation", including on "an global protection mechanism".
More than 120 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli forces in Gaza border protests since March 30.
Kushner and Greenblatt also have laid the blame for violence on Israel's border with the Gaza Strip exclusively on Hamas, the terrorist group that controls Gaza. "As part of Hamas's propaganda operation, hundreds of Gazans were injured last week and several dozen died, most of whom were Hamas operatives", the IDF spokesperson Brigadier General Ronen Manelis said back in May.
The Palestinians had initially sought a Security Council resolution after Israel's military killed civilians during the mass protests in Gaza against the border blockade imposed by Israel and Egypt in 2007 after Hamas overran the territory.
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U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley called that Kuwait-sponsored resolution "grossly one-sided" for criticizing the use of force by Israel while not mentioning the Islamic militant group Hamas, which rules Gaza.
As Miroslav Lajčák, the president of the UN General Assembly, attempted to call a vote on the American amendment, the Algerians, backed by Cuba, the State of Palestine and Venezuela among others, invoked a procedural rule to prevent the vote from taking place at all.
Human Rights Watch believes injuries and deaths of Palestinian protesters in the Gaza Strip, caused by Israeli soldiers' use of lethal force, may amount to war crimes and the officials responsible should face trial and sanctions.
Haley expressed optimism, however, about the number of countries that supported the USA amendment to condemn Hamas. This time, Lajčák's ruling was upheld - 66 states voted with the USA, with 73 voting in favor of the ruling, and 26 abstaining.
Arab and Islamic nations then made a decision to seek a vote on virtually the identical resolution at Wednesday's emergency meeting of the 193-member General Assembly, where there are no vetoes.
They followed the same route they took in December after the United States vetoed a Security Council resolution calling on President Donald Trump to renounce his recognition of Israel as Jerusalem's capital. "It is despicable for any country to even consider to vote for a resolution condemning Israel while refusing to support the condemnation of Hamas".
Haley had argued that the amendment proposed by the U.S.
As the General Assembly prepared for its final vote of the day, on the unamended resolution sponsored by Algeria and Turkey, it was already clear to stunned Arab delegates that one-third of the UN's 193 member states had joined the USA in condemning Hamas - and that many more chose to abstain, rather than vote against.