James Anderson, England " s all-time leading Test wicket-taker, took full advantage of the swing-friendly conditions with a return of five for 20.
While the cloud cover that had aided England's bowlers on day two was absent on a bright morning in St John's Wood, there was still ample movement for the Indian seamers during the morning session.
Surrey's Sam Curran, so impressive in the first game in Birmingham, joined Woakes at the crease when bad light caused an early finish to the day's play.
This second day may have begun in bright sunshine.
Yet that was what happened off the last of the 12 balls bowled between lunch and tea.
Anderson then had KL Rahul (eight) caught behind, with India now 10 for two. As the heavens opened, India were 11-2.
Update: Virat Kohli makes two changes to the playing XI that featured at Edgbaston. The last time they won a series in England was all the way back in 2007.
Pujara was left stranded, albeit he tried making it to the non-striker's end, only to find that Kohli had backtracked and made the crease safely.
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Pujara, who has shown in the past he can cope with typical English conditions, set off for a single off Anderson.
A reticent Kohli originally ran and then, with his partner nearly at the other end, sent him back.
Virat Kohli was involved in an almighty mix-up that led to Cheteshwar Pujara being run out as India were skittled for 107.
Jonny Bairstow of England bats. It was worth the wait, though, as Root's men took control of this stop-start Test.
But, on 28, Pope missed a straight delivery from Hardik Pandya and had to depart.
Anderson's new ball partner Stuart Broad then joined the party with the wicket of Ashwin, who looked good during his 38-ball stay, that also included four courageous hits to the fence.