Sexually transmitted diseases increase for fourth straight year — CDC

Rates of the four most common STDs- chlamydia gonorrhea and syphilis- increased by 10 percent from 2013 to 2017 marking the fourth record-setting year for the diseases in a row

Rates of three STDs in US reach record high, CDC says

Experts suspect that with newer drugs lowering the risk of HIV infection and making the virus itself less lethal if it is contracted, condom usage has declined, leading to the rapid rise in STDs.

"We are sliding backward", said Jonathan Mermin, director of CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS.

PREVENTION TREATMENT. This trio of STDs can lead to infertility, stillbirths, ectopic pregnancies, and a host of other conditions if left untreated.

"We expect gonorrhea will eventually wear down our last highly effective antibiotic, and additional treatment options are urgently needed", Gail Bolan, director of CDC's Division of STD Prevention, said. The U.S.'s rate of new STD cases has been trending upward for some time now, with each of the past four years resulting in "steep and sustained" increases, according to the CDC. "We haven't seen anything like this for two decades".

"Commitment" usually means "money", and state and local health officials spoke candidly about the country's "eroding public health infrastructure" that they felt contributed to the tremendous increase in STDs.

According to the Health Department, syphilis has had the biggest increase.

And yet we all but ignore these critical health components when we talk about, plan for, and pay for health. "They do as little as possible", Klausner told Vox.

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New CDC findings released today, however, show that emerging resistance to azithromycin is now on the rise in laboratory testing - with the portion of samples that showed emerging resistance to azithromycin increasing from 1 percent in 2013 to more than 4 percent in 2017. Nearly half of chlamydia cases were in girls and women ages 15 to 24.

Gonorrhea cases in men almost doubled to 322,169 in 2017 compared with 2013, the CDC said. Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men made up nearly 70 percent of primary and secondary syphilis cases where the gender of the sex partner is known in 2017, the CDC said.

Diagnoses of gonorrhea rose by 67 percent overall from 333,004 in 2013 to 555,608 cases, according to preliminary data for 2017.

More women are also getting syphilis and unknowingly passing it on to their babies, a 2017 CDC report found.

(Graphic: Centers for Disease Control)Are STDs curable?

Experts are anxious that azithromycin-resistant genes in some gonorrhea strains could cross over into gonorrhea that is not as susceptible to ceftriaxone.

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