In Ranchi in March past year, the Australian quick claimed Kohli's scalp with the only ball he bowled at the Indian hero.
Cheteshwar Pujara walked in after the top order threw their wickets away to poor strokes.
Batting after Kohli won the toss, the visitors crumbled in a disastrous morning session under a pace barrage before digging in later in the day with Pujara and Ravi Ashwin (25 off 76 balls) staging a fightback as the bowlers exhausted.
Batting after Kohli won the toss on a day when temperatures topped 36 Celsius (96.8 Fahrenheit), the visitors crumbled under an opening pace barrage. The Mumbai Indians captain played his last Test in January 2018 against South Africa scoring 10 and 47 runs in the two innings of the match.
Australian bowling coach David Saker said it was a premeditated plan for the quicks to pitch it up and lure India's batsmen into false shots.
"Once we lost Ashwin, I thought I had to accelerate".
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But they spectacularly rose to the challenge.
The first breakthrough came in the second over, when Josh Hazlewood had KL Rahul (2) caught in the slips by Aaron Finch, and opening partner Murali Vijay (11) joined him in the sheds when he feathered Mitchell Starc through to wicketkeeper Paine five overs later. Nevertheless, he played one shot too many and was dismissed by off-spinner Nathan Lyon, caught by Marcus Harris at the deep square leg region.
India suffered a huge blow ahead of the first Test with young opener Prithvi Shaw ruled out after suffering ankle ligament damage during their final warm-up game against a Cricket Australia XI.
But after returning from a break, Hazlewood enticed Rahane into a drive and he edged it to Handscomb, who took the catch above his head at slip and he was gone for 13. They slid further when Rohit Sharma holed out attempting a slog off Lyon.
It was left to Pujara, in his 65th Test, to dig in and stay at the crease as he ground his way towards a 50 to keep India's hopes alive.